The aim : Persépolis
At the end of the year 331 before JC, Alexander sets off to Persépolis
and after his victory on the fortified towns all along the road, he arrives,
in January 330, in front of the gates of the citadel. He comes in without any
resistance thanks to his alliance allied with the Persian Tiridates who had
promised him the town. Macedonian troops give them over to plunder the presdigious
town : men are slaughtered while women are enslaved.
After Persépolis, it is up to Pasargadès to fall into the hands
of the Macedonians. The former Persian capitale, located at 40 kms of Persépolis,
is built by Cyrus, after his victory on Mèdes.
Since his defeat on Gaugamèdes, Darius took refuge in the mountains of
Medie, at Ectabane. From here, he tries to rally an army with the last partisans
but Bessos, the satrap of Bactriane, foments a plot against him and makes him
assassinate in July 330 while Alexander was approaching. This last one sees
him dying in his arms and takes the opportunity to claim his royal authority
when he runs after the regicide.
Now that Darius is dead, Alexander is considered by most of the nobility as
the new king in Persia. Besides, he adopts achemide habits : he surrounds with
a harem of 365 concubines and he uses the same seal than Darius. Nevertheless,
he can not forget his « revanch » and sets off to East, in spring
329, to « avenge Darius » by killing Bessos. He travels Panshir’s
valley – in the current Afghanistan – and joins Bactriane where
the venture of Bessos ends. The rebel is totured before being juged at Ectabane.
During the following years, Alexander extends his empire over the areas of Bactriane
and of Sogdiane, and in spring 327 before JC, he sets off to the Indus.