the spring 334, Alexander goes to war against Persian Empire with his
armee helped by some troops raised in Greek states of « Corinth’s
league » and by some contingents originating from the Balkans. Some
chroniclers join these soldiers and remain famous : Ptolemy, Callisthène,
Aristoso’s nephew, Anaximène. Unfortunately, none of their
written works outlast except for « Alexander’s Stories »
written later by Latin authors – Justin – or Greek authors
– Diodore from Sicily, Plutarch – which use these texts.
Alexander lands at Granique’s
shores, near Troy, where he is faced with an army of 40000 men lead by
Mamnon, who have already inflicted many defeats on the Macedonians previously.
The Persian army, led by satraps, sure of itself but bad-organised, is
Alexander seizes Daskeyleion, the capitale of the Phrygia. Sardes too,
the capitale of the Persian empire, open its gates to the Macedonian and
deliver its treasure. The administration of cities conquested is systematically
conserved, a democratic system is established and Greeks or Macedonians
take the main posts.
During the summer, Ephesus, well known for its temple is devoted to the
goddess Artemis – one of the seven wonders of the world –
is left by Persian soldiers, Milet is assailled by Greeks too thanks to
Alexander fleet that gets ahead of the Persian’s one which withdraw
to Halicarnasse. The capitale of the « Satrapie of Carie »
is known for its tomb, one of the wonder of the world, where the dynast
satrap Mausole is intered.